Many VA birders have been very busy this spring and summer with the 5-year Atlas Project, just begun, to document VA's breeding birds. Funded by the VA Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries and coordinated through VA Society of Ornithology, it's a tremendous effort out in the field and then lots more work inputting data. Check out the VSO website and VA eBird site for more details.
Pictured is a Downy Woodpecker, but with a red cap, characteristic of a newly-hatched bird, proof of local breeding in James City County. Other behaviors used to document breeding are nest-building and feeding young.